Pablo Picasso właśc. Pablo Diego José Francisco de Paula Juan Nepomuceno María de los Remedios Cipriano de la Santísima Trinidad Ruiz y Picasso born October 25, 1881 in Málaga, died April 8, 1973 in Mougins. Spanish painter, sculptor, printmaker and ceramicist. One of the most outstanding artists of the 20th century. Together with Georges Braque considered the founders of Cubism.
Picasso’s artistic talent was discovered very early by his father, an excellent draftsman. Picasso was educated in Spain, then in Paris (1901-1922), where his work was significantly influenced by his encounter with the Post-Impressionists, mainly Henri de Toulouse-Lautreck.
The blue period of Picasso’s work includes works from 1901-1904. These were works maintained in melancholy colors, depicting characters, the world and the lives of poor people (“Life”, “Old Guitarist”, “Two Sisters”, “Ironworker”). After this period, Picasso’s work entered a rosy, more optimistic period, it is mainly scenes of circus life (“Girl on a Ball,” “Jugglers,” “Toilet,” “Harlequin Family”).
Starting in 1907, Picasso experimented with geometrization and simplified form (mainly influenced by Paul Cézanne and Iberian and African art). It was this period that gave rise to Cubism (“Virgins of Avignon,” “Portrait of Gertrude Stein”). The premiere of the stage work Parades to a libretto by Jean Cocteau, for which Erik Satie wrote the music and Picasso designed the set, is sometimes considered a manifesto of Cubism. It was staged in 1917 by Sergei Diaghilev’s “Russian Ballets.”
The next years of Picasso’s life were a constant creative search. In 1937, he was commissioned by the Republican government of Spain for 200,000. pesetas painted the famous “Guernica.” He spent the period of World War II in Paris. In 1946, he left for the Côte d’Azur. In 1948, he settled in Vallauris.
After 1948, he painted anti-war paintings (“Massacre in Korea,” “War, Peace”). Picasso’s post-war period is very rich and extremely diverse. It is safe to say that Picasso’s work has had a tremendous impact on every field of modern visual art.